Choosing the Right Document: When to Use a CV and When to Use a Resume

When it comes to job applications, understanding whether to submit a curriculum vitae (CV) or a resume is crucial. These two documents serve distinct purposes and knowing when to use each one can significantly impact your chances of success. We will explore the key differences between CVs and resumes and provide insights on when to choose the appropriate document based on your specific circumstances.


Purpose and Structure of a CV

A curriculum vitae (CV) is an in-depth document that highlights your academic background, research experience, publications, presentations, and other relevant information. It is commonly used in academia, scientific research, and specific professional fields where comprehensive details are crucial. A CV allows you to showcase your educational achievements, awards, grants, and specific skills related to the position.


Purpose and Structure of a Resume

A resume summarizes your skills, work experience, education, and qualifications tailored for a specific job application. Resumes are commonly used in the business world, industries, and non-academic job applications. A resume is typically shorter and focuses on key accomplishments, relevant work experience, and skills that align with the desired position.


The choice between a CV and a resume depends on the context and the requirements of the job or academic position you are applying for. In some cases, employers or institutions may specifically request either a CV or a resume, so it's important to pay attention to their instructions.